Dewey’s educational philosophy is to organize students’ growth through the self-study, or self-educate process, to train people to become self-study learners having rich soul, independence and responsibility.
Education is not preparation for life, education is life itself.
With the learning-by-doing method, teachers organize specific tasks and learning activities with practical experiences and visual tools for students to understand the applied meaning of the knowledge content. Students go through a process of exploration, hands-on learning, practice to answer teacher’s question or challenge that requires deep thinking, and knowledge acquisition.
Project-based learning is a student-centered approach where students learn by solving open questions. Students are facilitated and encouraged to explore, research problems, and apply knowledge while doing projects, creating products, or giving presentations at the end of the semester/ school year. Thus, students learn both content knowledge and thinking methods, teamwork skills, idea presentation and consolidation.
Inquiry-based learning focuses on boosting motivation to help students master their own learning pathway through asking questions, exploring problems and situations and sharing ideas. This method encourages students to actively interact, practice such high-order thinking skills as analysis, evaluation, creativity, and thereby, form their own multi-dimensional viewpoint.
Design thinking is a ‘human-centered’ approach to learning, collaborating, and problem-solving. This approach encourages students to have inquisitive thinking, innovative mindset, and empowers them to realize their creative ideas. Applying this 5-step thinking cycle in a lesson or project, students will comprehensively develop the 21st-century skills by empathizing to define core issues, collaborate to brainstorm, and design prototypes for testing and further improvements.